Shoulder Pain – What is the Cause?

Chronic shoulder injury is a common problem and not just for athletes.  Among the population day to day activities can produce pain.  Some activities may include hanging out the washing, gardening or working out in the gym.  Many people pile on the weight at the gym without paying attention to technique or balanced strengthening.

The incidence of rotator cuff tears increases with age, with adults beyond the age of 50 most vulnerable.  Sports people in specific sports are at risk of chronic shoulder injuries.  These sports include swimming, tennis, cricket, javelin and baseball, all of which involve variation on the throwing action when the arm moves above the head.

This action requires a large number of muscles and combines a large range of motion with high forces and speeds at the shoulder joint; especially in a repetitive motion.

For the shoulder and arm to move efficiently there needs to be co-ordination of movement between the shoulder blade and upper arm.  If this pattern is disrupted due to poor posture or muscle imbalances injury and pain may result.

An accurate assessment of your shoulder by your physiotherapist can address any tightness, weakness or poor co-ordination of muscles contributing to this debilitating condition.

By Melanie Roberts

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